Antioxidants in skin care
We know that fruits and vegetables are loaded with antioxidants but did you know that skin care can also be loaded with antioxidants? Anti-oxidants can help protect the skin from damage, it does so by limiting free radicals. Antioxidants can also increase skin hydration and help lighten age spots. Lets discuss why we should look for antioxidants in skin care.
Free radicals are caused from smoking, too much sun exposure and pollution just to name a few. When we have too many free radicals in our body, cellular DNA can be affected which damages healthy cells. Collagen provides our skin with firmness. When free radicals destroy collagen our skin loses its elasticity and is prone to wrinkles and uneven skin tone. Any ingredient that can help prevent collagen degradation is worth looking at.
There are many different types of antioxidants, we will go though the most common ones in this post.
Antioxidants In Skin Care -Polyphenols
Polyphenols are plant based vitamins which can help decrease inflammation and prevent sun damage. They can also help decrease free radicals. Epigallocatechin gallate found in green tea is an example of a polyphenol which has been shown to help with aging.
Chrysoeriol is another example of a polyphenol. This compound has anti-oxidant as well as its anti-inflammatory properties. Chrysoeriol has been shown to be an effective inhibitor of the matrix metalloprotein which will lead to less collagen and elastin breakdown. Source Life Extension
Antioxidants In Skin Care -Flavonoids
Flavonoids are the largest family of polyphenolic compounds. “Flavonoids have been shown to exhibit antiinflammatory, antithrombogenic, antidiabetic, anticancer, and neuroprotective activities through different mechanisms of action in vitro and in animal models.” Source Oregon Sate University. Topical application of flavonoids is a successful way to achieve pharmacological levels of parent compounds in the skin; however, chemical composition of topical formulations greatly influences stability and bioavailability.
Genistein is an isoflavone derived from soybeans, it can help prevent free radicals. Genistein is thought to have some sun protective properties.
Phloretin is a flavonoid that is found in apples and in the bark of apple trees, it acts as an antioxidant and may help lighten age spots.
Antioxidants In Skin Care -Vitamin C
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) plays a role in collagen synthesis which makes vitamin C a vital molecule for skin health. Vitamin C is an anti oxidant that helps prevent sun damage, lighten age spots and increase collagen production. Consider using products with vitamin C during the day when we are most exposed to the sun. Vitamin C has a tendency to be unstable when exposed to oxygen, ensure you store your product in a dark cool area.
Antioxidants In Skin
Retinol is a derivative of vitamin A which can help accelerate cell renewal and diminish fine lines. It has a long track record, retinoid products were used initially to treat acne. This eye wrinkle smoother cream has retinol.
Antioxidants In Skin
Care -Vitamin E
Vitamin E is an anti-oxidant that can help with healing. It works well when combined with vitamin C. The skin benefits more from from topical vitamin E than oral supplements. Vitamin E is available in two forms: alpha-tocopherol (alcohol-based) and alpha-tocopherol acetate. Alpha-tocopherol penetrates more easily into the skin so make sure you’re reading the labels closely to get maximum benefit of the vitamin E. Some people do develop irritation from vitamin E so be careful when placing it directly onto your skin. Consider adding vitamin E to your favorite moisturizer.
Is a member of the carotenoid family. There are a number of carotenoids, including lycopene and lutein. It is a precursor of vitamin A which helps prevent breakdown of collagen.
Antioxidants In Skin Care -Resveratrol
Resveratol is a chemical compound found mostly in the skins of fruits like grapes and berries, peanuts, tea and red wine. It is an antimicrobial substance produced by plants in response to stress, infection, or strong UV radiation. Resvertol can help remove free radicals and prevent their formation.
Ferulic acid is and antioxidant found in the cell walls of plants such as wheat, rice, peanuts, oranges and apples. CE ferulic acid is especially useful for dry flaky skin. Ferulic acid is usually combined with the vitamins E and C because it helps stabilize them which allows them to become more powerful. Ferulic acid can help protect the skin against the harmful rays of the sun and stimulating collagen production.
Antioxidants In Skin Care -Coenzyme Q10
Coenzyme Q, also known as ubiquinone has antioxidant properties. It diminishes with age and environmental exposure. Coenzyme Q helps prevent collagen and elastin degradation.
Antioxidants In Skin Care -Niacinamide
Niacinamide, also known as vitamin B3, is a powerful antioxidant that improves the skin’s texture and tone. It can help reduce the appearance of pores, improve dullness and lighten age spots.
Antioxidants In Skin Care -Glutathione
Glutathione is a peptide that is produced naturally in our bodies, it helps boost other antioxidants such as vitamins C and E. There are also reports that Glutathione can lighten the skin. Levels go down as we age so make sure you are eating enough sulfur rich foods such as garlic, onions, broccoli, kale, collards, cabbage, cauliflower and watercress.
Diet is important
The three major antioxidant vitamins are beta-carotene, vitamin C, and vitamin E. You’ll find these anti oxidants in colorful fruits and vegetables, especially those with purple, blue, red, orange, and yellow hues.
Summary of antioxidants in skin care
Looking for antioxidants in your skin care products can help lighten and brighten your skin.
Combining anti oxidants appears to have a synergistic effect.
Eat a healthy diet filled with fruits and vegetables will ensure you are getting enough daily consumption of antioxidants. Adding antioxidants to your skin care regimen will help diminish age spots and fine wrinkles.
Are there any anti oxidants in skin care that I am missing, add them in the comments.