Can the risk of osteoarthritis be prevented with diet and exercise?
The short answer is yes. Researchers from the University of Surrey identified a crucial link between metabolism and osteoarthritis. A sedentary lifestyle and poor diet change the “genetic programming of cells” in the bones and joints leading to an increased risk of osteoarthritis.
When cells are stressed they produce glucose, lactic acid will develop if the glucose is not used.
The build up of lactic acid can lead to inflammation.
The inflammation will eventually lead to cartilage deterioration and joint impairment.
Lead author Professor Ali Mobasheri, Professor of Musculoskeletal Physiology at the University of Surrey, said:
“For too long osteoarthritis has been known as the ‘wear and tear disease’ and it has been assumed that it is part and parcel of getting older. However, this is not the case and what we have learned is that we can control and prevent the onset of this painful condition.”
“It is important never to underestimate the significance of a healthy diet and lifestyle as not only does it impact upon our general wellbeing but can alter the metabolic behavior of our cells, tissues, and organs leading to serious illnesses.”
“Metabolism is important for cartilage and synovial joint function.”
The results were published in Nature Reviews Rheumatology.
According to the CDC,
“From 2013- 2015, an estimated 54.4 million US adults (22.7%) annually had ever been told by a doctor that they had some form of arthritis”
“By 2040, an estimated 78 million (26%) US adults ages 18 years or older are projected to have doctor-diagnosed arthritis.”
“Arthritis and other rheumatic conditions are a leading cause of disability among US adults, and the most common cause of disability among US adults for the past 15 years.”
“In all US states, 1 in 25 working-age adults (18-64 years old) face work limitations they attribute to arthritis; among those with arthritis, at least 1 in 4 have work limitations.”
“Adults with arthritis were about 2.5 times more likely to have two or more falls and suffer a fall injury in the past 12 months compared with adults without arthritis.“
What are the risk factors for osteoarthritis?
Gender-Women are more likely to develop osteoarthritis than men.
Stiff joints and limited range of motion in the hips, knees and lower back.
Joint clicking and swelling may occur with osteoarthritis.
Discomfort occurs towards the end of the day.
Hip arthritis may present with buttock or groin pain.
Knee or hip pain will increase the risk of a sedentary life which leads to weight gain, diabetes, and high blood pressure.
People with osteoarthritis are more likely to fall and sustain fractures as they have pain, weakness and poor balance.
One of the best ways to help prevent osteoarthritis is to stay active and eat well-balanced meals.
Do you exercise and eat well-balanced meals?