roundworms in dogsThere is no doubt that pets provide comfort and companionship. According to the CDC pets,  “influence social, emotional, and cognitive development in children, promote an active lifestyle, and have even been able to detect oncoming epileptic seizures or the presence of certain cancers.” For example, if seizures or anxiety are troubling your pet cat, why not check out something like cbd oil for cats, which can help ease pain, combat depression/anxiety and even slow the growth of cancerous cells.

When you are in close contact with a pet there are some precautions you should take. Always wash you hands after playing and cleaning up after them. Most of the diseases listed below can be prevented by simply washing your hands. If you would like to know more about pet healthcare (and just about anything pets) to help them stop getting these diseases in the first place then I recommend visiting blogs like MiluMimi.

Diseases we can catch from our Pets

Zoonotic diseases are those diseases that are transmissible between animals and people.

Ring Worm is a fungal infection that can affect dogs, cats and horses.

  • Exposure -Ring worm is contagious, you can get it from touching an area that an infected person or pet has touched.
  • Look for red circular dry patches on your skin. If it develops on your scalp it may cause patches of baldness.
  • Prevention-ensure you are washing bedding every two weeks and washing you hands after playing with your pets.
  • Treatment-antiparasitic medications can help treat the infection.

Hook Worms is another parasite

  • Exposure can occu through contact with contaminated sand and soil.
  • Look for  bloody diarrhea in animals
  • Look for itchy areas on your skin where you may have had contact with the parasite.
  • Prevention wash hands after cleaning up dog feces

Giardia is a parasite that found in lakes and streams.

  • Exposure can occur if you pet drinks contaminated water or ingesting an infected animals feces.
  • Look for diarrhea.
  • Prevention-wash hand when toughing dogs feces and do not allow the dog to drink from the lake.

Campylobacter bacteria

  • Exposure can occur when dogs are exposed through contaminated food or feces of infected dogs. It can also occur with ingestion of contaminated food such as chicken and milk products that haven’t been pasteurized.
  • Look for diarrhea and fever.
  • Prevention wash hands after pet handling and cleaning up after them.

Salmonella is caused by the bacteria Salmonella enterica.

  • Most turtles and some chicks will carry salmonella.
  • Exposure through handling feces from cats and dogs. The CDC states that turtles, lizards snakes and frogs can carry salmonella on their skin and shell (turtles). Use caution when cleaning the cage. Salmonella can also be found on the bare floors if the animal is allowed to roam.
  • Look for abdominal pain and diarrhea.
  • Prevention wash hands after handling the animals and cleaning up after them.

Tapeworm is a parasite

  • Exposure -Tapeworm can spread to dogs or cats by ingesting infected fleas that can harbor tapeworm
  • Look for rice like substance in the dogs feces or your feces.
  • Prevention keep your pet protected from fleas.
  • Treatment is with anti-worm medication

Cats

Cat Scratch Disease is caused by the bacteria bartonella

  • Exposure through scratches, the bacteria id found in the feces and saliva of infected animals.
  • Look for fatigue, red elevated scratches and swollen lymph nodes
  • Prevention-ensure your cat is flea protected and avoid playing and instigating a cat which can lead to scratches.

Toxoplasmosis can be transmitted by cats. It is caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii.

  • Exposure to infected cat litter.
  • Look for flu like symptoms with swollen glands.
  • Pregnant women are more susceptible because they are  immunocompromised. There is a concern for miscarriage as well as birth defects. Pregnant women should avoid cat litter.
  • Prevent spread by avoiding cat litter for those who are pregnant or  washing hands for those who are cleaning litter.

Round Worm is a parasite.

  • Exposure Cats and dogs can pick up Round Worm from infected rodents or birds by eating an infected animal.
  • Look for diarrhea. Worms may be visible in the stool
  • Prevention -wash hands after touching cat litter can help prevent spread.
  • Birds

Parrot Fever is  a bacterial infection caused by the bacteria Chlamydia psittaci.

  • Exposure occurs by breathing in airborne  particles from the feces of an infected bird.
  • Look for shortness of breath in the bird. Humans may exhibit flu like symptoms. This is a rare infection with a small amount of reported cases.
  • Prevent Parrot fever by cleaning cage often and allowing good ventilation in areas where the bird is caged.

Rabies

  • Exposure can occur through  infected saliva such as a bite.
  • Look for confusion and change of behavior
  • Prevention-keep your pets vaccinations up to date.

Lyme disease is caused by the bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi

  • Pets cannot transmit Lyme disease to you but they can bring tics into your home. 

Ensure that your pets are protected againist tic and fleas.

As you can see there are a number of different infections that you your pet cans transmit. Washing you hand carefully will help prevent most of these diseases. In addition protecting your pet from fleas, ticks and worms can help as well.

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